Drop or Keep the “e” Before a Suffix

Those Pesky Grumpy Vowels

Dropping or Keeping the “E” before adding a Suffix?

RULES: Keep the “e” if the suffix begins with a consonant. (-ly, ful, -less, -ment, -dom, etc.)
Drop the “e” if the suffix begins with a vowel. (-able, -en, -ion, er, -est, -ing, -ed, -al, etc.)

Teach your students to ALWAYS…

Ask yourself, “WHAT DOES THE SUFFIX BEGIN WITH?

1) If it is a vowel, he is grumpy and says, “I’m already a vowel. We don’t need another one!”
So…you DROP the “e”.

2) If it is a consonant, he says, “We need a vowel, so come along!”
So…you KEEP the “e”.

Examples to try:
Care +less +ing +ful
argue +ment +ing
creative +ly
excite +able + ment
awake +en

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