Those Pesky Grumpy Vowels
Dropping or Keeping the “E” before adding a Suffix?
RULES: Keep the “e” if the suffix begins with a consonant. (-ly, ful, -less, -ment, -dom, etc.)
Drop the “e” if the suffix begins with a vowel. (-able, -en, -ion, er, -est, -ing, -ed, -al, etc.)
Teach your students to ALWAYS…
Ask yourself, “WHAT DOES THE SUFFIX BEGIN WITH?
1) If it is a vowel, he is grumpy and says, “I’m already a vowel. We don’t need another one!”
So…you DROP the “e”.
2) If it is a consonant, he says, “We need a vowel, so come along!”
So…you KEEP the “e”.
Examples to try:
Care +less +ing +ful
argue +ment +ing
excite +able + ment